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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS005-E-7002 Date: Jul. 2002
Geographic Region: USA-HAWAII
Feature: MAUNA LOA, MOKUAWEOWEO CALDERA

Ordering information for space photography
 
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  Astronauts obtained this detailed image of the summit caldera of Mauna Loa volcano, called Mokuaweoweo Caldera. Mauna Loa is the largest volcano on our planet—the summit elevation is 4,170 m (over 13,600 ft), but the volcano’s summit rises 9 km above the sea floor. The sharp features of the summit caldera and lava flows that drain outward from the summit are tribute to the fact that Mauna Loa is one of the Earth’s most active volcanoes. The most recent eruption was in 1984. The straight line that cuts through the center of the crater from top to bottom is a rift zone—an area that pulls apart as magma reaches the surface.

A weather observatory run by NOAA’s Climate Monitoring & Diagnostics Lab is on the volcano’s north slope at 11,000 ft (3397 m). This facility, known as the Mauna Loa Observatory, is the site where scientists have documented the constantly increasing concentrations of global atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Other resources about Mauna Loa:
http://www.cmdl.noaa.gov/obop/mlo/
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 73k
Mission: ISS005  
Roll - Frame: E - 7002
Geographical Name: USA-HAWAII  
Features: MAUNA LOA, MOKUAWEOWEO CALDERA  
Center Lat x Lon: 19.5N x 155.5W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: E4
 
Camera Tilt: 27   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 800  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: N   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 715  
 
Date: 20020706   YYYYMMDD
Time: 231855   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 17.7N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 155.4W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 294   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 213   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 77   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: CALDERA, CRATER, RIFT, VOLCANO  
Water Views:  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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