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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS131 Roll: E Frame: 11827 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS131
Country or Geographic Name: CHINA
Features: TIBETAN PLATEAU, HIMALAYA MOUNTAIN RANGE, GLACIERS
Center Point: Latitude: 31.5 Longitude: 85.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 22mm
Camera: N3: Nikon D3
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 50 (26-50)
GMT Date: 20100412 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 053402 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 26.2, Longitude: 82.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northeast
Sun Azimuth: 140 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 183 nautical miles (339 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 68 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 107
CaptionsOrbital View of Earth from Docked Shuttle Discovery
The International Space Station orbits 354 kilometers (220 miles) above the Earth, completing one trip around the globe every 92 minutes. Cruising along at 27,700 km (17,200 miles) per hour, the astronauts experience 15 or 16 sunrises and -sets every day. Since the launch of the Zarya Control Module on November 20, 1998, the station has orbited the Earth over 66,500 times (as of June 27, 2010). The station’s orbit is inclined to the equator by 51.65°, meaning at its most northerly, it is at the latitude of London, England, and at it most southerly it is over the latitude of the Falkland Islands.
This view features the lake-studded Tibetan Plateau (image center) and the glaciers of the Himalayan Mountains (image top). Smoke-shrouded lowlands hug the southern margin of the Himalaya at image top left.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .