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(NASA Crew Earth Observations)

Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record


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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View STS129-E-6916.JPG 68753640437 No No
View STS129-E-6916.JPG 219515540360 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View STS129-E-6916.JPG 5869081000667 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View STS129-E-6916.JPG 107653642882929 No No

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Electronic Image Data

Camera Files >> No sound file available.


Mission: STS129 Roll: E Frame: 6916 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS129
Country or Geographic Name: MEXICO
Center Point: Latitude: 24.8 Longitude: -112.1 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: 12
Camera Focal Length: 125mm
Camera: N2: Nikon D2Xs
Film: 4288E : 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)


GMT Date: 20091120 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 194351 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 25.4, Longitude: -111.9 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: South
Sun Azimuth: 190 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 180 nautical miles (333 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 44 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 65


Mangroves, Dunes, and Desert on Baja California

Along the west coast of Baja California, roughly one third of the peninsula’s length from its southern tip, the land pokes westward like a slightly bent elbow. The area is a combination of sparsely vegetated desert, sand dunes, mangroves, braided streams, shallow coastal waters, and mountainous islands.

In this astronaut photograph, taken from a vantage point west of the peninsula, north is toward the upper left. Toward the east, the desert appears in shades of tan and beige. Blue-green mangroves infiltrate the desert, following irregular paths toward the northeast. Within these mangroves, deep blue streams and rivers form and flow toward the shallow waters near the coast.

Along the Pacific shore (image lower left), breaking waves form an irregular white line. The waves are barely lighter than the sand dunes of the broad coastal plain, which stretches inland toward the mangroves. West of the mangroves, two islands rise above the ocean surface. Their rugged topography contrasts sharply with that of the thin, curving barrier beach that connects them.

Almost completely surrounded by ocean, the coastal town of Puerto San Carlos serves as a base for tourists visiting the area to watch whales. Grey whale migration season—January through March—brings both cetaceans and tourists to the area.

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