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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS112 Roll: E Frame: 6329 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS112
Country or Geographic Name: ROMANIA
Features: CONSTANTA, PORT FACILITIES
Center Point: Latitude: 44.0 Longitude: 28.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 32
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 20021017 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 103812 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 45.7, Longitude: 27.3 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southeast
Sun Azimuth: 193 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 202 nautical miles (374 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 34 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 152
CaptionsThe modern city of Constanta, with a population of more than 348,000, is located on the western coast of the Black Sea and is the principal seaport for Romania. It is the site of the ancient Greek city of Tomis, colonized in the 6th century B.C. In the 1st century A.D. Tomis became a flourishing provincial capital of the Roman Empire when it acquired its current name from the emperor Constantine I. Today, Constanta is a thriving port-of-entry for Romania, offering both tourist attractions and an expanding, modern port facility that is among the largest on the Black Sea. The crew of STS-112 acquired this detailed digital image of the city on October 17, 2002, using a 400-mm lens. The older part of the city is situated near the large coastal lagoon to the north, while to the south the port facilities are connected to the Danube River’s import shipping commerce via the 64-km Danube – Black Sea Canal. Agricultural fields of mostly wheat and barley extend almost to the shorelines.
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