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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS112 Roll: E Frame: 6013 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS112
Country or Geographic Name: KAZAKHSTAN
Features: SURFACE MINES, AGRICULTURE, ARKALYK
Center Point Latitude: 50.2 Center Point Longitude: 66.9 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 12
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 20021017 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 090910 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 50.3, Longitude: 67.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 212 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 203 nautical miles (376 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 26 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 151
CaptionsAgricultural activities and mining occur side-by-side in the Republic of Kazakhstan. This scene is located in the Turgayskaya Oblast of central Kazakhstan, near the provincial capital of Arkalyk, where Russian spacecraft landings occur. The large, mostly square fields are probably spring wheat, one of the cereal grains that grows well in the cold, dry climate. The colorful, irregular patterns on the left side of the image appear to be surface-mining operations where water has accumulated to form small lakes. Bauxite and asbestos are the principal minerals extracted in this region.
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