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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS112 Roll: E Frame: 5628 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS112
Country or Geographic Name: INDONESIA
Features: SANGEANG API
Center Point: Latitude: -8.0 Longitude: 119.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 16
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 25 (11-25)
GMT Date: 20021015 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 012319 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -8.7, Longitude: 119.7 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northwest
Sun Azimuth: 92 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 205 nautical miles (380 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 54 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 114
CaptionsIn 1985, the small Indonesian island of Sangeang Api (for scale, the island is 13 km wide) off the northeast coast of Sumbawa began to erupt. Within a month, the 1250 inhabitants had evacuated to Sumbawa. The eruption lasted until 1988. The lava and pyroclastic flows—the wide channel running west from the summit—are still easily traced on this image taken last week by Space Shuttle astronauts (STS-112) . Today, the island's summit crater (1949 m) produces intermittent steam clouds.
Compare this photograph to an earlier Space Shuttle photograph taken in November 1985.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .