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(NASA Crew Earth Observations)

Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record


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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View STS106-718-9.JPG 50329515512 No No From ISD PhotoCDs
View STS106-718-9.JPG 113957540540 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View STS106-718-9.JPG 15562110311024 No No From ISD PhotoCDs
View STS106-718-9_2.JPG 44629120632048 No No From ISD PhotoCDs
View STS106-718-9.JPG 103046420402045 NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View STS106-718-9_3.JPG 115033941274096 No No From ISD PhotoCDs
View STS106-718-9.TIF 14147553668406893 No No Updated image for database
View STS106-718-9_2.JPG 217294400400 Yes Yes Photographic Highlights
View STS106-718-9.JPG 103046420402045 No Yes Photographic Highlights

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Mission: STS106 Roll: 718 Frame: 9 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS106
Country or Geographic Name: SWITZERLAND
Center Point: Latitude: 46.5 Longitude: 8.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: 52
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5069 : Kodak Elite 100S, E6 Reversal, Replaces Lumiere, Warmer in tone vs. Lumiere.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)


GMT Date: 20000911 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 074657 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 44.9, Longitude: 4.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 111 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 187 nautical miles (346 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 25 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 45


The Bernese Alps form the centerpiece of this late summer view of Switzerland; Jungfrau (J - 4158 m), Moench (M - 4089 m), and Eiger (E - 3970 m) are among the higher peaks of the Central Alps. North of the range is the city of Interlaken, flanked by the Thune See and Brienzer See (lakes); the long, straight-segmented valley of the Rhone lies to the south.

On the southern flank of the Jungfrau massif is the Aletsch glacier, meltwaters of which feed the upper Rhone; another source is the Rhone glacier at the eastern end of the valley. One estimate holds that roughly half the ice in glaciers of the European Alps has melted since 1850. U-shaped valleys carved by glaciers are clearly visible; some, such as that of the Rhone, have been modified by through-flowing rivers.

The Swiss Alps are elements of a great mountain system that was constructed as Africa and Eurasia collided, starting more than 90 million years ago. Ancient basement rocks (>325 million years old) of the Bernese Alps were uplifted, folded, and forced northward between ~29 and 10 million years ago.

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