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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS105 Roll: E Frame: 5421 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS105
Country or Geographic Name: USA-CALIFORNIA
Features: CENTRAL VALLEY, FIRES
Center Point: Latitude: 39.0 Longitude: -121.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 52mm
Camera: E3: Kodak DCS660 Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 25 (11-25)
GMT Date: 20010820 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 213743 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 44.2, Longitude: -121.3 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: South
Sun Azimuth: 218 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 200 nautical miles (370 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 53 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 158
CaptionsAfter undocking with Space Station Alpha, on August 20, 2001, astronauts on the Space Shuttle photographed wildfires burning in the western U.S. using a digital camera. With a shorter lens, astronauts recorded this regional view, showing the smoke around the California Central Valley blowing into Nevada. The digital images were then downlinked to the ground.
The Trough Fire, burning in Mendocino National Forest was 76 percent contained and had burned 16,751 acres at the time the photo was taken. The Hoover Complex Fire had burned 3,750 acres in Yosemite National Park and was not threatening structures or communities at the time the photo was taken. The Creek wildfire covered approximately 6,700 acres and was 50 percent contained. It threatened the towns of Groveland and Big Oak Flat and had spread into Stanislaus National Forest. The Leonard Fire, also near Stanislaus National Forest, covered 2,455 acres and was 20 percent contained. Information on fire status and locations was obtained from the National Fire Interagency Center and U.S. Forest Service Detailed Fire Intelligence (http://www.fire.r5.fs.fed.us/scsc/sitreport-archive/082001-sitreport.html).
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .