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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS105 Roll: 331 Frame: 18 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS105
Country or Geographic Name: EGYPT
Features: PORT SAID, BIOGENIC FILMS, SUNGLINT
Center Point: Latitude: 31.5 Longitude: 32.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 12
Camera Focal Length: mm
Camera: NK: Nikon 35mm film camera
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 20010821 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 095028 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 31.7, Longitude: 31.8 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 176 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 199 nautical miles (369 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 70 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 166
CaptionsAstronauts aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery used the sunglint off the surface of the Mediterranean Sea to reveal biogenic films on the ocean surface. ("Biogenic film" refers to a thin layer of biologically-produced film resting on the surface.) The films dampen surface capillary waves, creating brighter and darker reflections, which, in turn, trace the complex surface water movements along the coast. The sunglint also highlights coastal features (jetties, submerged coastal areas) near the Port of Suez.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .