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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

STS097-701-17

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View STS097-701-17.JPG 42968515512 No No From ISD PhotoCDs
View STS097-701-17.JPG 66923540540 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View STS097-701-17.JPG 13309510311024 No No From ISD PhotoCDs
View STS097-701-17_2.JPG 38035720632048 No No From ISD PhotoCDs
View STS097-701-17_4.JPG 101580840964096 No No From ISD CD TIFF images
View STS097-701-17_3.JPG 102624841274096 No No From ISD PhotoCDs
View STS097-701-17.JPG 126367020482048 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View STS097-701-17_2.JPG 37619400398 No Photographic Highlights
View STS097-701-17.JPG 430158019091901 No
View STS097-701-17.TIF 493360012781285 No No

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Electronic Image Data

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Identification

Mission: STS097 Roll: 701 Frame: 17 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS97
Country or Geographic Name: TANZANIA
Features: MT. KILIMANJARO
Center Point: Latitude: -3.0 Longitude: 37.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 20
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5069 : Kodak Elite 100S, E6 Reversal, Replaces Lumiere, Warmer in tone vs. Lumiere.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 50 (26-50)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20001202 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 051311 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -2.1, Longitude: 38.2 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southwest
Sun Azimuth: 114 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 190 nautical miles (352 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 28 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 18

Captions

STS097-701-17 Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
Kilimanjaro (elevation 5875 m) is a complex of three volcanic peaks in the Kenya branch of the East African rift, just south of the Kenya-Tanzania border. Rift volcanism in this region includes fissure and fault eruptions along the floor of the rift, but the largest volcanoes are at intersections of north-trending rift-valley faults and the ancient, northwest-trending Aswa fault zone. Volcanoes at such intersections are commonly long-lived; Kilimanjaro has erupted episodically for almost a million years, and Reusch crater on the Kibo summit may be only a few hundred years old, as steam and sulfur fumaroles are still active. Kilimanjaro (Kilima Njaro or "shining mountain" in Swahili)is capped by glacial relics of the last ice age. Field studies indicate that most of Kilimanjaro was once covered by much as 100 m of ice and that glaciers extended well down the mountainsides. The most extensive remaining glaciers are on the southern and southwestern flanks.

The glaciers and snow cap covered a far greater area ten years prior to the view above. Compare the photograph above with a photograph of Kilimanjaro taken in November 1990 by the Space Shuttle mission STS-38 crew.


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