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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS097 Roll: 351 Frame: 12 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS97
Country or Geographic Name: AFRICA
Features: NIGHT THUNDERSTORM
Center Point: Latitude: Longitude: (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
Camera Focal Length: mm
Camera: NK: Nikon 35mm film camera
Film: 5755 : Portra 160NC, color negative, 35mm, ASA 160.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: (0-10)
GMT Date: 20001211 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 033445 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 4.4, Longitude: 3.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction:
Sun Azimuth: 114 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 197 nautical miles (365 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: -30 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 158
CaptionsThese two images were taken 9 seconds apart as the STS-97 Space Shuttle flew over equatorial Africa east of Lake Volta on December 11, 2000. The top of the large thunderstorm, roughly 20 km across, is illuminated by a full moon and frequent bursts of lightning. Because the Space Shuttle travels at about 7 km/sec, the astronaut perspectives on this storm system becomes more oblique over the 9-second interval between photographs. The images were taken with a Nikon 35 mm camera equipped with a 400 mm lens and high-speed (800 ISO) color negative film.
Images are STS097-351-9 and STS097-351-12.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .