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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

STS090-739-79

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View STS090-739-79.JPG 63800540400 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View STS090-739-79.JPG 103831725362572 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View STS090-739-79_3.JPG 35324400405 No Yes Photographic Highlights
View STS090-739-79.JPG 966408556215621 From OES Users/Upload

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Identification

Mission: STS090 Roll: 739 Frame: 79 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS90
Country or Geographic Name: JAPAN
Features: KYUSHU, AMAKUSA SEA
Center Point: Latitude: 32.5 Longitude: 131.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: Yes (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: G-11 JNC Map ID: 25

Camera

Camera Tilt: 13
Camera Focal Length: 100mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5069 : Kodak Elite 100S, E6 Reversal, Replaces Lumiere, Warmer in tone vs. Lumiere.

Quality

Film Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 15 (11-25)

Nadir

GMT Date: 19980427 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 234405 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 32.6, Longitude: 130.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 98 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 133 nautical miles (246 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 39 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 165

Captions

STS090-739-79 Ariake Sea, Japan April 1998
The Isahaya Bay Reclamation project separated approximately 3,000 hectares of tidal flats from the Ariake Sea in 1997. This photograph was taken from the Space Shuttle on April 27, 1998, a year after the sea wall separating Isahaya Bay from the rest of the Ariake Sea was closed. The reflective white area (center arrow) shows the straight edge of the sea wall and the drying tidal flats.

The project has been highly controversial because of concerns by environmental groups about the loss of wetland habitat. Hirofumi Yamashita was awarded the 1998 Goldman Environmental Prize for his scientific efforts documenting the ecological value of the bay and his grassroots activism trying to stop the closing of the sea wall. In 1992, he catalyzed other organizations to form the Japan Wetlands Action Network, composed of 70 grassroots and national conservation organizations, and became its spokesperson. Yamashita died in July 2000.

According to a January 2001 Reuters News Article, fishermen have been demonstrating at the sluice gates in support of a government panelís recommendation that the gates be opened. Seaweed growers believe the reduced availability of nori (seaweed) produced in the Ariake Sea is tied to environmental damage caused by the building of the seawall.


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