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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS088 Roll: 739 Frame: 91 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS88
Country or Geographic Name: EGYPT
Features: CAIRO, NILE DELTA, SMOKE
Center Point Latitude: 30.0 Center Point Longitude: 31.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: No (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: H-05 JNC Map ID: 34
CameraCamera Tilt: 15
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5069 : Kodak Elite 100S, E6 Reversal, Replaces Lumiere, Warmer in tone vs. Lumiere.
QualityFilm Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 0 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 19981206 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 085518 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 30.1, Longitude: 30.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 165 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 204 nautical miles (378 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 36 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 33
CaptionsThe population of the Cairo metropolitan area has increased from less than 6 million in 1965 (Gem05-1-45778) to more than 10 million in 1998 when this picture was taken (United Nations Population Division, World Urbanization Prospects, the 1999 revision). Population densities within the city are some of the highest in the world and the urban area has doubled to more than 400 square km during that period. Extraordinary rates of population growth are expected to continue, with a predicted population of around 14 million by 2015.
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