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(NASA Crew Earth Observations)


















Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

STS088-707-6

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View STS088-707-6.JPG 30388545512 No No From ISD PhotoCDs
View STS088-707-6.JPG 9381710571024 No No From ISD PhotoCDs
View STS088-707-6_2.JPG 29875220812048 No No From ISD PhotoCDs
View STS088-707-6_3.JPG 108343541454096 No No From ISD PhotoCDs

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Electronic Image Data

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Identification

Mission: STS088 Roll: 707 Frame: 6 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS88
Country or Geographic Name: KIRIBATI
Features: TARAWA ATOLL, MAIANA AT.
Center Point: Latitude: 1.0 Longitude: 173.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 41
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5069 : Kodak Elite 100S, E6 Reversal, Replaces Lumiere, Warmer in tone vs. Lumiere.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 25 (11-25)

Nadir

GMT Date: 19981214 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 213218 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 1.8, Longitude: 175.9 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 125 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 209 nautical miles (387 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 44 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 166

Captions

Tarawa and Maiana Atolls

The Republic of Kiribati is an island nation consisting of some 33 atolls near the equator in the central Pacific. Before Europeans found the islands, they had been inhabited for two millennia by indigenous Micronesians. In 1820, the British named the islands the Gilbert Islands, after Captain Thomas Gilbert, who discovered some of the atolls in 1788. The islands eventually gained their independence in the 1970s.

Two of Kiribati’s atolls, Tarawa and Maiana, appear in this image. Tarawa—remembered as the site of a brutal World War II battle—is the larger island. Each island consists of a ring of coral around a central lagoon. This photo shows calm conditions, with clear, still water in each central lagoon, and a light spray of clouds overhead.

Scientists have debated the formation process of coral atolls for many years. Today, coral atolls are appreciated for the insights they provide about climate change. As corals grow, the density of their skeletons varies with the seasons, forming datable layers. Depending on salinity, temperature, and water clarity conditions, the thickness of those growth layers can vary, providing a record of conditions in the tropics.


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