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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS068 Roll: 260 Frame: 31 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS68
Country or Geographic Name: MEXICO
Features: BAJA CST, SGLINT, CURRENTS
Center Point: Latitude: 29.2 Longitude: -114.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: Yes (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: H-22 JNC Map ID: 43
CameraCamera Tilt: 45
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5046 : Kodak, natural color positive, Lumiere 100/5046, ASA 100, standard base.
QualityFilm Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 19941010 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 184454 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 31.0, Longitude: -114.9 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: South
Sun Azimuth: 163 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 111 nautical miles (206 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 51 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 168
CaptionsSTS068-260-031 Internal Waves, Baja Peninsula, Mexico October 1994
In the sun-glint, bands of internal waves can be seen approaching the Baja Peninsula near Point Prieta in Mexico in this north-looking low-oblique view. The area of the band of internal waves is just to the north of the Bay of Sebastian Vizcaino. Internal Waves are located just below the sea surface from near 10 feet (3 meters) to over 300 feet (92 meters). They are most obvious at a density interface within the ocean, such as, the base of the upper mixed layer of thermocline. The spacing of these internal waves can vary from over 1 mile (1.6 km) to 5 miles (8 km) and they usually occur in packs of four to eight waves per packet. Oceanographers became aware of internal waves in 1975 when they were photographed in the Andaman Sea by astronauts on the Apollo-Soyuz Mission.
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