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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS065 Roll: 96 Frame: 7 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS65
Country or Geographic Name: USA-HAWAII
Features: OAHU, AGR., HONOLULU
Center Point Latitude: 21.5 Center Point Longitude: -158.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: Yes (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: J-19 JNC Map ID: 41
CameraCamera Tilt: 25
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5048 : Kodak, natural color positive, Lumiere 100x/5048, ASA 100x, standard base.
QualityFilm Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 19940713 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 215654 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 21.8, Longitude: -159.2 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 87 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 160 nautical miles (296 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 79 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 84
CaptionsSTS065-96-7 Oahu, Hawaii, U.S.A. July 1994
The influence of the northeast trade winds on the island of Oahu is apparent by the formation of clouds on the windward slopes of the Koolau Range in northeastern Oahu and by a highly reflective island wake (created by the current flow of water around the island) off the southwest coast of the island. A broad, cultivated, northwest-southeast-aligned valley connects the Koolau Range with the higher paralleling Waianae Range along the southwestern side of Oahu. Kaala Mountain [4046 feet (1233 meters)] in the Waianae Range is the highest elevation on Oahu. Pearl Harbor, Honolulu, Honolulu International Airport, and Diamond Head Crater are discernible along the southern coast of the island.
STS-65 Earth observation taken aboard Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, shows Oahu, Hawaii. The island wake emerging to the lower left side of Oahu is caused by wind currents blowing from the northeast being obstructed by the northwest-southeast trending, cloud covered, Koolau mountain range. The lighter colored water indicates a more smooth surface with a slower water current that the darker, rougher, faster moving water current. Pearl Harbor is visible to the south of the Koolau Range. To the right, or east, of Pearl Harbor is the city of Honolulu. The circular, brown feature to the east of Honolulu is the dormant volcano Diamond Head.
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