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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS059 Roll: 235 Frame: 31 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS59
Country or Geographic Name: THAILAND
Center Point Latitude: 14.0 Center Point Longitude: 100.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: No (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: K-09 JNC Map ID: 54
CameraCamera Tilt: 27
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5046 : Kodak, natural color positive, Lumiere 100/5046, ASA 100, standard base.
QualityFilm Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 19940417 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 060753 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 14.4, Longitude: 99.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 253 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 115 nautical miles (213 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 78 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 127
CaptionsSTS059-235-31 Bangkok, Thailand April 1994
Bangkok, featured in this southeast-looking, low-oblique photograph, is the capital of Thailand and one of the leading cities in Southeast Asia. Situated on the east bank of the Chao Phraya River 25 miles (40 kilometers) above the river’s entry into the Gulf of Thailand, Bangkok lies in the heart of Thailand’s major commercial rice-growing region. Bangkok’s manufacturing products include rice, paper, textiles, food products, and electrical goods; other industries include oil refineries, sawmills, shipyards, motor vehicle assembly plants, and tourism. As a world-famous jewelry trading center, Bangkok deals in silver, bronze, and precious stones. Hundreds of Buddhist temples are scattered throughout the city. Since 1955, Bangkok has been the site of the headquarters of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization and the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East. The city lies at or below sea level (land subsidence is a severe problem) and is riddled by a network of canals filled with boat traffic and "islands" of floating garbage. Traffic congestion on narrow streets and other transportation arteries is also problematic. With its air and water fouled by a large and growing population, Bangkok has the unpleasant distinction of being the world’s most polluted city.
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