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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS056 Roll: 152 Frame: 160 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS56
Country or Geographic Name: MALDIVES
Features: NILANDU ATOLL AREA
Center Point Latitude: 3.0 Center Point Longitude: 73.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: Yes (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: L-08 JNC Map ID: 53
CameraCamera Tilt: 49
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: LH: Linhof
Film: QX868 : Kodak, natural color positive, Ektachrome QX868(5017 emulsion), ASA 64, thin base.
QualityFilm Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 20 (11-25)
NadirDate: 19930410 (YYYYMMDD)GMT Time: 045052 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 5.4, Longitude: 75.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southwest
Sun Azimuth: 84 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 160 nautical miles (296 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 58 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 32
CaptionsSTS056-152-160 Maldives April 1993
This south-looking, low-oblique photograph shows (from north to south) the Ari, Male, Felidu, Nilande, Mulaku, and Kolumadulu Atolls of the Maldives. The 19 atolls of the Maldives are composed of more than 2000 small coral formations in the Indian Ocean southwest of India and Sri Lanka. The chain extends north-south for approximately 550 miles (880 kilometers). The Maldives are the exposed top of a long, narrow submarine ridge whose average height is 4 to 6 feet (1 to 2 meters) above sea level. Most of the atolls have spacious, deep-water lagoons suitable for ship anchorage, and some have freshwater lagoons. The Maldives have a tropical monsoonal climate, with most of the rainfall occurring from June to December. Most of the islands have poor soil and are covered by dense scrub with scattered trees, including coconut palms. Fishing and tourism are the two major industries of the country. A densely populated country, with more than 150 000 people in its total land area of 115 square miles (298 square kilometers), this island country is one of the 25 least-developed countries in the world, according to a United Nations report.
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