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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS054 Roll: 74 Frame: 49 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS54
Country or Geographic Name: LESSER ANTILLES
Features: ST. CROIX
Center Point Latitude: 17.5 Center Point Longitude: -65.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: No (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: J-27 JNC Map ID: 47
CameraCamera Tilt: 27
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5017 : Kodak, natural color positive, Ektachrome, X Professional, ASA 64, standard base.
QualityFilm Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 5 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 19930114 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 155725 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 18.2, Longitude: -63.8 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southwest
Sun Azimuth: 170 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 166 nautical miles (307 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 50 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 18
CaptionsSTS054-74-49 Saint Croix, Virgin Islands of the United States January 1993
Saint Croix, largest of the Virgin Islands, is visible in this near-vertical photograph. Saint Croix, covering 80 square miles (more than 200 square kilometers), is of volcanic origin and is characterized by rugged slopes that rise abruptly from the sea. Most of the rugged hills are on the north and northwest sides of the island (dark green area), with the highest elevation approximately 1170 feet (350 meters) above sea level. The island of Saint Croix was discovered in 1493 by Christopher Columbus. The major city of Christiansted is located near the center of the northern coast. Large pasturelands are visible along the southwest coast. Tourism is the islandís major industry; the petroleum processing and chemical industries are also important in the islandís economy.
St. Croix (17.5N, 65.0W) is the largest and most industrialized of the U.S. Virgin Islands. The large complex in the middle of the south shore is the world's largest petroleum refinery and the main city, Christiansted, is just across the island on the north shore. The reefs around the eastern end of St. Croix are preserved as a submarine national park: Buck Island Reef National Park, around the small island off the NE shore.
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