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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS053 Roll: 81 Frame: 88 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS53
Country or Geographic Name: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Features: KAMCHATKA PEN., VOLCANOES
Center Point: Latitude: 56.5 Longitude: 160.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: No (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: D-09 JNC Map ID: 14
CameraCamera Tilt: 55
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5017 : Kodak, natural color positive, Ektachrome, X Professional, ASA 64, standard base.
QualityFilm Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 0 (0-10)
GMT Date: 19921207 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 001151 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 57.1, Longitude: 164.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 170 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 175 nautical miles (324 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 10 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 71
CaptionsShiveluch volcano anchors the northern end of a volcanic chain of more than 100
volcanoes covering the Kamchatkan Peninsula. It is one of the most active
volcanoes along the Pacific Rim, most recently from February 22 to March 1,2002.
Astronauts took both of these very different images of Shiveluch
and other Kamchatkan volcanoes. The first image was taken nearly 10 years ago,
and looks straight down from orbit onto Shiveluch’s irregular outline. The
Kamchatka River wanders between Shiveluch to the north and Kamchatka’s most
active volcano, Klyuchevskaya (also recently active, on February 27, 2002). Low
sun and snow cover highlight the volcano morphology—the south and southeastern
flank of Shiveluch were blown off in an earlier major eruption. Today the
crater is partly covered by a smooth-looking apron of debris. In this image, a
thin dusting of ash on the surface of the snow indicates that Shiveluch had
“burped” just prior to being photographed by astronauts.
More recently, astronauts aboard the International Space Station Alpha looked
north toward Shiveluch’s scarred southern slope to get a different perspective
of the impressive cluster of volcanoes in the Klyuchevskaya group and Shiveluch.
The oblique views were acquired because these volcanoes (at 56.6 degrees
latitude) lie north of the station’s orbital track, which reaches a maximum
latitude of 51.6 degrees. Space Station crewmembers will continue to observe
these and other volcanoes for signs of eruptions.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .