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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View STS044-75-27.JPG 33487640480 No No ISD 1
View STS044-75-27.JPG 119186639639 No No Earth From Space collection
View STS044-75-27_2.JPG 348038540540 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View STS044-75-27_2.JPG 127200410001000 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View STS044-75-27.JPG 794765852085208 No No Earth From Space collection

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Mission: STS044 Roll: 75 Frame: 27 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS44
Country or Geographic Name: KUWAIT
Center Point: Latitude: 29.0 Longitude: 48.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: Yes (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: 9
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5017 : Kodak, natural color positive, Ektachrome, X Professional, ASA 64, standard base.


Film Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 0 (0-10)


GMT Date: 19911201 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 114115 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 28.5, Longitude: 48.1 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: North
Sun Azimuth: 246 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 198 nautical miles (367 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: -1 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 103


STS044-75-27 Oil Well Fire Residue, Kuwait November 1991
This near-vertical photograph of southern Kuwait, taken nine months after the oil well fires of Desert Storm were ignited, shows the environmental devastation in the area immediately south of Kuwait City. The black and dark gray areas of the Alburoan Oil Field (large oil field in the center of the photograph) and the smaller Umm Gudair Oil Field to the west show the extent and pattern of environmental degradation caused by the smoke residue from the oil well fires. The interconnected roads and tiny, highly reflective, circular well heads within the Alburoan Field are easily discernible. The prevailing northwest wind direction is easily determined by the orientation of the oil residue stain on the desert and the alignment of the dual airport runways of Kuwait International Airport north of Alburoan and south of Kuwait City. Ground transportation features, such as roads, highways, and grid street patterns, are visible in Kuwait City along the northern edge of the photograph.

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