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IdentificationMission: STS044 Roll: 75 Frame: 27 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS44
Country or Geographic Name: KUWAIT
Features: OIL FIELDS/PERSIAN GULF
Center Point Latitude: 29.0 Center Point Longitude: 48.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: Yes (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 9
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5017 : Kodak, natural color positive, Ektachrome, X Professional, ASA 64, standard base.
QualityFilm Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 0 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 19911201 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 114115 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 28.5, Longitude: 48.1 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: North
Sun Azimuth: 246 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 198 nautical miles (367 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: -1 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 103
CaptionsSTS044-75-27 Oil Well Fire Residue, Kuwait November 1991
This near-vertical photograph of southern Kuwait, taken nine months after the oil well fires of Desert Storm were ignited, shows the environmental devastation in the area immediately south of Kuwait City. The black and dark gray areas of the Alburoan Oil Field (large oil field in the center of the photograph) and the smaller Umm Gudair Oil Field to the west show the extent and pattern of environmental degradation caused by the smoke residue from the oil well fires. The interconnected roads and tiny, highly reflective, circular well heads within the Alburoan Field are easily discernible. The prevailing northwest wind direction is easily determined by the orientation of the oil residue stain on the desert and the alignment of the dual airport runways of Kuwait International Airport north of Alburoan and south of Kuwait City. Ground transportation features, such as roads, highways, and grid street patterns, are visible in Kuwait City along the northern edge of the photograph.
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