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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS040 Roll: 78 Frame: 88 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS40
Country or Geographic Name: EGYPT
Features: GULF OF SUEZ, AQABA, SINAI
Center Point Latitude: 28.5 Center Point Longitude: 34.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: Yes (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 45
Camera Focal Length: 50mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5017 : Kodak, natural color positive, Ektachrome, X Professional, ASA 64, standard base.
QualityFilm Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 5 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 19910611 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 093309 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 26.1, Longitude: 35.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: North
Sun Azimuth: 153 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 153 nautical miles (283 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 86 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 94
CaptionsSTS040-78-88 Sinai Peninsula, Egypt June 1991
The deep blue waters of the northern Red Sea provide a striking contrast to the sandy landforms (tans) and hills and mountains (browns) of the arid landscape of northeastern Egypt, northwestern Saudi Arabia, southern Israel, and a small part of southwestern Jordan. Elevations for the mountains that ring the northern end of the Red Sea vary from approximately 2000 feet (610 meters) to 3000 feet (910 meters), with many peaks exceeding 6000 feet (1800 meters)—one peak exceeds 8000 feet (2440 meters). The light, more highly reflective pattern in the north-central Sinai is a drainage network of dry stream channels and lakebeds. Other landforms include the northernmost extent of the Nile River and its delta, the Suez Canal (northwest side of the Sinai Peninsula), the Gulf of Aqaba (southeast side of Sinai), the Dead Sea Rift, and the demarcation line in the desert between Israel and Egypt along the eastern edge of the Sinai caused by Israel’s emphasis on agriculture. Numerous coral reefs and small islands are visible east of Egypt near the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .