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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS040 Roll: 75 Frame: D Mission ID on the Film or image: STS40
Country or Geographic Name: IRAN
Features: KUWAIT FIRES, PERSIAN G.
Center Point: Latitude: 27.0 Longitude: 53.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: No (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 50mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5017 : Kodak, natural color positive, Ektachrome, X Professional, ASA 64, standard base.
QualityFilm Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 0 (0-10)
GMT Date: 199106__ (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: , Longitude: (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction:
Sun Azimuth: (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: nautical miles (0 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
CaptionsSTS040-075-00D The Persian Gulf June 1991
Vast quantities of oil lie beneath the Persian Gulf and the surrounding land captured in this synoptic, northwest-looking photograph. The Zagros Mountains of western Iran (northeastern portion of photograph) were created by the subduction of the Saudi Arabian plate by the Eurasian plate. The force of this plate collision caused the limestone rocks to buckle up into high folds that are separated by downwarps (anticlines) or valleys (synclines). The unique landscape of long parallel lines of hogback ridges and deep valleys has been further shaped by erosion. Little agriculture occurs in this part of the Zagros Mountains; people graze sheep and goats in the alpine meadows during the summer and return to the sheltered valleys during the winter. The mountainous peninsula that juts northward into the Strait of Hormuz is Oman. The countries of Oman, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar are visible along the western shore of the Persian Gulf. Qeshm is the large island south of Iran. The dark area near the northern end of the Persian Gulf (near the horizon) is the smoke pall from oil well fires ignited in Kuwait in February 1991.
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