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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: STS037 Roll: 152 Frame: 91 Mission ID on the Film or image: STS37
Country or Geographic Name: KUWAIT
Features: FAYLAKA I.-KUWAIT FIRES
Center Point Latitude: 29.5 Center Point Longitude: 48.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: Yes (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 18
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: LH: Linhof
Film: QX868 : Kodak, natural color positive, Ektachrome QX868(5017 emulsion), ASA 64, thin base.
QualityFilm Exposure: Normal
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 0 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 19910407 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 052403 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 28.4, Longitude: 47.8 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northeast
Sun Azimuth: 104 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 247 nautical miles (457 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 36 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 26
CaptionsSTS037-152-091 Oil Well Fires and Smoke, Kuwait April 1991
The effects of Iraq dictator Saddam Husseinís setting fire to the oil wells in Kuwait during February 1991 is graphically captured in this near-vertical photograph of the northwestern end of the Persian Gulf. The black smoke plumes of more than 700 individual oil well fires are being blown to the south. Kuwait City is located on the south side of Kuwait Bay, southwest of the Tigris-Euphrates Delta. Fortunately, the oil well fires were extinguished in much less time than had been originally predicted, and the environmental damage created by the fires and smoke was mostly confined to the immediate region around the northwestern Persian Gulf. (Refer to STS-046-074-094 for a photograph of the same area to see how quickly the desert is reclaiming the land in this region.)
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