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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth

(NASA Crew Earth Observations)

Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record


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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS039-E-3841.JPG 110311640426 No No
View ISS039-E-3841.JPG 397332540359 Yes No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS039-E-3841.JPG 6711601440960 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS039-E-3841.JPG 8761101000665 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS039-E-3841.JPG 145843142562832 No No

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Mission: ISS039 Roll: E Frame: 3841 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS039
Country or Geographic Name: JAPAN
Center Point: Latitude: 42.5 Longitude: 143.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 800mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)


GMT Date: 20140321 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 213410 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 47.1, Longitude: 151.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southwest
Sun Azimuth: 107 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 221 nautical miles (409 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 16 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number:


Hokkaido agriculture, Northern Japan

Unusually heavy snows fell on northern Japan this winter. Snow highlights the flat, fenced landscape used for agriculture in this image taken from the International Space Station. The large Tokachi River reaches the arc of the Pacific Ocean on Hokkaido’s east coast. Forests on steeper hillsides mask the snow and appear dark (upper image margin and image center).

This detailed view taken with a long lens from more than 800 km (500 mi) away, shows the narrow greenbelt forests that line the coast. Planted in Japan for at least the last four centuries, greenbelts protect coastlines from storms and sand movement, and are increasingly providing recreation areas. Greenbelts also reduce tsunami wave energy, protecting houses and roads from floating debris. Greenbelt forests reduced the destructive effects of the 2011 tsunami at Sendai by “catching” entire seagoing vessels, preventing them from being washed inland.

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