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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS039-E-11773

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS039-E-11773.JPG 56867640426 No No
View ISS039-E-11773.JPG 220577540329 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS039-E-11773.JPG 5176021000617 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS039-E-11773.JPG 80714542562832 No No
View ISS039-E-11773.JPG 80714542562832 No No

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Electronic Image Data

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Identification

Mission: ISS039 Roll: E Frame: 11773 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS039
Country or Geographic Name: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Features: OKHOTSK SEA, KURIL ISLANDS, ICE, HAZE
Center Point: Latitude: 45.0 Longitude: 146.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 80mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20140414 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 064530 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 41.5, Longitude: 156.7 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 269 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 220 nautical miles (407 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 15 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number:

Captions

Sea of Okhotsk ice, Northern Japan

Patterns of sea ice in a spring panorama of the Sea of Okhotsk are featured in this image from the International Space Station. The image reveals dynamics of ocean currents that are otherwise difficult to visualize. Here we see nearly 1000 km of the East Sakhalin Current carrying winter ice south toward Japan’s Hokkaido Island. The current is indicated by the narrow corridor of dense ice that hugs the coast of Sakhalin Island—slightly obscured under haze at image top left. Reaching the barrier of Hokkaido, the ice patterns show a series of eddies and swirls (image center). The current then turns and transports ice along the Kuril Island chain. Some ice spills through gaps where it is swept southwest by the Kuril Current (image lower right).

The East Sakhalin Current dies back in summer when the Soya Current (arrow far left) begins to enter the Sea of Okhotsk. This inrush of summer water starts in April (when this image was taken) and probably appears in the image as the ice pattern bulging to the east (between the small arrows).

Volcanic cones can be seen along the Kuril Islands (image bottom right), a continuation of the volcanic line of Hokkaido. Atmospheric haze (top left and upper margin) is likely industrial smog from China and Japan, made more visible at the top of the image by the oblique viewing angle.


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