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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS038 Roll: E Frame: 47389 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS038
Country or Geographic Name: CHILE
Features: PAN-TIERRA DEL FUEGO
Center Point: Latitude: -55.5 Longitude: -68.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 80mm
Camera: N3: Nikon D3
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 50 (26-50)
GMT Date: 20140214 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 114052 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -51.6, Longitude: -54.2 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 76 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 228 nautical miles (422 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 27 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
CaptionsTierra del Fuego and Cape Horn, Argentina and Chile
This panoramic image from the International Space Station (ISS) captures Tierra del Fuego and Cape Horn, the southernmost tip of South America (image left), with the Atlantic Ocean in the foreground and the Pacific Ocean across the top of the image. Crews on the ISS seldom see Cape Horn in such clear weather. Shortly after this image was taken the cloud mass approaching from the Pacific Ocean completely obscured the landscape from ISS view. In this stormy part of the world, ships avoid the heavy seas around exposed Cape Horn and use the protected Strait of Magellan (image lower right) on the inshore end of Tierra del Fuego.
A small white icefield on the highest parts of Tierra del Fuego (image center right) includes Mount Darwin, situated within Chile’s Agostini National Park. The icefield can be imagined as greatly expanded during the geologically recent ice ages, covering an area greater than the land area shown in this view. The heavily indented shape of the fiord coastline and the lake depressions (image center and lower right) were carved by the downhill movement of these vanished glaciers.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .