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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS038-E-39032

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS038-E-39032.JPG 74672640426 No No
View ISS038-E-39032.JPG 393886540422 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS038-E-39032.JPG 10354101000781 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS038-E-39032.JPG 115275542562832 No No
View ISS038-E-39032.JPG 207044426711781 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site

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Electronic Image Data

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Identification

Mission: ISS038 Roll: E Frame: 39032 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS038
Country or Geographic Name: REPUBLIC SOUTH AFRICA
Features: SWARTBERG MTS., PRINCE ALBERT
Center Point: Latitude: -33.2 Longitude: 22.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 800mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20140130 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 160105 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -28.6, Longitude: 25.8 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southwest
Sun Azimuth: 258 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 228 nautical miles (422 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 14 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number:

Captions

ISS038-E-039032 (30 Jan. 2014) --- Prince Albert, South Africa is featured in this image photographed by an Expedition 38 crew member on the International Space Station. Space station crews sometimes take detailed images with an 800mm lens, such as this view of the small town of Prince Albert (population just more than 7,000). The town lies at the foot of the mountains known as the Great Swartberg in southern South Africa, about 220 miles (355 kilometers) east of Cape Town. Prince Albert, named after Queen Victoria's husband, appears as a cluster of whitewashed buildings (left) at the foot of the mountains, larger dwellings nearer the steep mountain front and smaller dwellings further away. Despite its small size, the dry climate and the water supply from gorges immediately upstream (a small reservoir appears extreme left) have made it well-known as a productive point in the Karroo semidesert. Olive groves especially, with other crops, flourish on the valleys floors, surrounded by sheep and ostrich ranches. Founded 250 years ago, this small town retains more than a dozen registered historic buildings in the Victorian and Cape Dutch styles. Based on this and other small Karroo towns as get-aways from South Africa's large, crowded cities, tourism has developed significantly in the last 20 years. Swartberg means Black Mountain in Afrikaans, and winter snow (not visible in this image) along the mountain tops (4,500-6,500 feet; 1,370-1,980 meters, above the town) makes for spectacular scenery. The mountains are part of the ancient Cape Fold Mountain Belt. Gorges through the mountains provide impressive side-on views of tightly folded and broken rock layers associated with the mountain-building episode.

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