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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS038-E-38300

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS038-E-38300.JPG 109995640426 No No
View ISS038-E-38300.JPG 282280540359 Yes No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS038-E-38300.JPG 6493581440960 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS038-E-38300.JPG 8304741000665 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS038-E-38300.JPG 442668742562832 No No

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Electronic Image Data

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Identification

Mission: ISS038 Roll: E Frame: 38300 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS038
Country or Geographic Name: NORTH KOREA
Features: PAN--NORTH & SOUTH KOREA AT NIGHT
Center Point: Latitude: 39.0 Longitude: 125.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 24mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20140130 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 131618 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 33.0, Longitude: 123.8 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: North
Sun Azimuth: 283 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 222 nautical miles (411 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: -51 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number:

Captions

ISS038-E-038300 (30 Jan. 2014) --- Flying over East Asia, an Expedition 38 crew member on the International Space Station took this night image of the Korean Peninsula. Unlike daylight images, city lights at night illustrate dramatically the relative economic importance of cities, as gauged by relative size. In this north-looking view, it is immediately obvious that greater Seoul is a major city and that the port of Gunsan is minor by comparison. There are 25.6 million people in the Seoul metropolitan area-more than half of South Korea's citizens-while Gunsan's population is 280,000. North Korea is almost completely dark compared to neighboring South Korea and China. The darkened land appears as if it were a patch of water joining the Yellow Sea to the Sea of Japan. The capital city, Pyongyang, appears like a small island, despite a population of 3.26 million (as of 2008). The light emission from Pyongyang is equivalent to the smaller towns in South Korea. Coastlines are often very apparent in night imagery, as shown by South Korea's eastern shoreline. But the coast of North Korea is difficult to detect. These differences are illustrated in per capita power consumption in the two countries, with South Korea at 10,162 kilowatt hours and North Korea at 739 kilowatt hours.

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