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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS037-E-22473.JPG 84005640427 No No
View ISS037-E-22473.JPG 254400540360 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS037-E-22473.JPG 7952061000667 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS037-E-22473.JPG 8040491000667 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS037-E-22473.JPG 403136060484032 No No

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Mission: ISS037 Roll: E Frame: 22473 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS037
Country or Geographic Name: MEXICO
Center Point: Latitude: 19.2 Longitude: -98.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: 29
Camera Focal Length: 1000mm
Camera: N4: Nikon D3X
Film: 6048E : 6048 x 4032 pixel CMOS sensor, 35.9mm x 24.0mm, total pixels: 25.72 million, Nikon FX format.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)


GMT Date: 20131029 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 154044 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 17.4, Longitude: -96.9 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northwest
Sun Azimuth: 127 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 224 nautical miles (415 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 42 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number:


La Malinche Volcano, Mexico

Located approximately 30 kilometers to the northeast of the city of Puebla, the summit of Volcán la Malinche rises to an elevation of 4461 meters above sea level. This detailed astronaut photograph from the International Space Station highlights the snow-dusted summit, and the deep canyons that cut into the flanks of this eroded stratovolcano. La Malinche has not been historically active, but radiometric dating of volcanic rocks and deposits associated with the structure indicate a most recent eruption near the end of the 12th century. There is evidence that lahars, or mudflows, associated with an eruption about 3100 years ago affected Pre-Columbian settlements in the nearby Puebla basin.

The volcano is enclosed within La Malinche National Park situated within parts of the states of Puebla and Tlaxcala; extensive green forest cover is visible on the lower flanks of the volcano. Access to the volcano is available through roadways, and it is frequently used as a training peak by climbers prior to attempting higher summits. The rectangular outlines of agricultural fields are visible forming an outer ring around the forested area.

While the volcano appears to be quiescent, its relatively recent (in geological terms) eruptive activity, and location within the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt – a tectonically active region with several current and historically active volcanoes including Popocatépetl to the west and Pico de Orizaba to the east - suggests that future activity is still possible and could potentially pose a threat to the nearby city of Puebla.

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