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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS036 Roll: E Frame: 2458 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS036
Country or Geographic Name: SAUDI ARABIA
Features: TARUT BAY, RAS TANURA, PETROCHEMICAL FACILITIES, SAIHAT
Center Point: Latitude: 26.6 Longitude: 50.1 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 32
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 20130518 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 083901 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 24.4, Longitude: 49.3 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: North
Sun Azimuth: 179 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 226 nautical miles (419 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 85 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
CaptionsTarut Bay, Saudi Arabia
Note: This caption refers to the image versions labeled "NASA's Earth Observatory web site".
Tarut Bay (also spelled Tarout or Tarot) is located along the Saudi Arabia coastline of the Arabian Gulf (also known as the Persian Gulf). The bay surrounds the island of Tarut (image center), one of the largest islands in the Arabian Gulf with an area of approximately 70 km2. Archeological evidence suggests that the island has been continuously inhabited for over 5000 years. Today, the island hosts both suburban development and fishing industries. The island is linked to the mainland city of Qatif to the west by two causeways that cross a narrow channel of the Bay.
The Ras Tanura peninsula that forms the northern boundary of Tarut Bay is occupied by residential compounds and industrial facilities owned by Saudi Aramco, considered to be one of the largest and most valuable oil companies in the world. In addition to the facilities located along the natural shorelines and islands of the bay, numerous drill rigs and docking facilities have been constructed to support the activities of the petroleum industry. One striking example of such construction is the King Abdulaziz Seaport complex located to the south of Tarut Bay proper in the Arabian Gulf (image lower right). The port complex is essentially a small self-supporting city with its own housing for employees, medical and support services, and water treatment plants.
Sinuous green to turquoise ribbons visible in the waters of Tarut Bay are likely a combination of sediments moved by nearshore currents and phytoplankton. Green areas near the city of Qatif (image center bottom) include both agricultural fields and numerous fruit trees such as date palms, hearkening back to the regionís importance as a historical oasis.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .