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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS035 Roll: E Frame: 24919 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS035
Country or Geographic Name: PAKISTAN
Features: KORANGI, INDUSTRIAL AREAS, INDUS RIVER DELTA, MANGROVES
Center Point: Latitude: 24.8 Longitude: 67.3 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 14
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 20130420 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 091927 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 25.1, Longitude: 68.2 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 249 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 222 nautical miles (411 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 60 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Note: This caption refers to the image versions labeled "NASA's Earth Observatory web site".
Korangi (or Korangi Town) is part of the Karachi metropolitan area of coastal Pakistan. This astronaut photograph from the International Space Station highlights the contrast between the highly urbanized and industrialized Korangi area (image top and image right) to dense green mangrove forests and waterways of the Indus River Delta to the south (image bottom and image left). Away from the river delta, vegetation cover reduces rapidly to the northeast (image top right).
To the north and west, Korangi Town is bordered by the Malir River, one of two rivers (the other being the Lyari River, not shown) that pass through the Karachi metropolitan area. The river course of the Malir is marked by green riparian vegetation, which stands out vividly from orbit against the surrounding gray to tan urban areas.
One of the largest industrial areas in Pakistan is located in Korangi (known as the Korangi Industrial Area, or KIA) – this region is visible at image center, and is marked by large buildings and lots, many having large white-roofed structures. A conspicuously dark region to the right of image center marks the location of steel works; while bare soil and built materials are present, significant vegetation cover also contributes to the dark tone. In addition to steel, the KIA also includes textile, pharmaceutical, automobile, chemical, and flour industry facilities.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .