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(NASA Crew Earth Observations)

Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

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View ISS035-E-18006.JPG 103253640426 No No
View ISS035-E-18006.JPG 236770540347 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS035-E-18006.JPG 6247461000643 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
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Mission: ISS035 Roll: E Frame: 18006 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS035
Country or Geographic Name: BOLIVIA
Center Point: Latitude: -19.1 Longitude: -68.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: 10
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)


GMT Date: 20130408 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 203027 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -18.8, Longitude: -67.9 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southwest
Sun Azimuth: 289 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 226 nautical miles (419 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 26 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number:


Tata Sabaya Volcano, Bolivia

Tata Sabaya, a stratovolcano located in the Altiplano region of Bolivia, rises to a summit elevation of 5430 meters above sea level. While its current form is that of a youthful stratovolcano, the regional geological evidence indicates an older, eventful history. Prior to approximately 12,000 years ago (during the late Pleistocene Epoch) a large debris avalanche was formed by collapse of the ancestral Tata Sabaya volcano. Debris from the avalanche swept into the nearby Salar de Coipasa –at that time filled with a lake larger than today – significantly changing its northwestern coastline. Timing of the event is obtained from tufa deposits formed on debris islands during a high stand of the Coipasa lake – illustrating the geological principle of cross-cutting relationships, in that the debris avalanche had to have occurred before the tufa deposits were formed in the lake.

The Tata Sabaya stratovolcano is located at image center in this astronaut photograph from the International Space Station. Several young lava flows are visible on the northwestern and western flanks of the volcano. Peaks visible to the northeast and southwest appear to be volcanoes as well, but unlike Tata Sabaya there is no record of recent activity from either of them (according to the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History’s Global Volcanism Program). As the climate of the Altiplano became more arid and the Coipasa Lake shrank, much of the hummocky terrain of the debris avalanche became exposed over an area of more than 300 square kilometers. The hummocky terrain is clearly visible at image right. White salt deposits of the salar surround many of the individual hummocks, making them “islands” once again.

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