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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS033-E-6202

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS033-E-6202.JPG 57902640426 No No
View ISS033-E-6202.JPG 174562540375 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS033-E-6202.JPG 3127261440960 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS033-E-6202.JPG 4830031000695 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS033-E-6202.JPG 88741842562832 No No

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Electronic Image Data

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Identification

Mission: ISS033 Roll: E Frame: 6202 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS033
Country or Geographic Name: BOLIVIA
Features: SALAR DE COIPASA, SEDIMENT, LAGO COIPASA
Center Point: Latitude: -19.3 Longitude: -68.1 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 37
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20120920 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 174658 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -18.1, Longitude: -65.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 307 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 230 nautical miles (426 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 61 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number:

Captions

Salar de Coipasa, Bolivia

Note: This caption refers to the image versions labeled "NASA's Earth Observatory web site".

The Salar de Coipasa, located in the Altiplano region of western Bolivia, covers an area of approximately 2500 square kilometers. The word “salar” describes arid closed basins in which evaporation of mineral-rich waters leads to the formation of thick, flat-laying salt deposits. Salar de Coipasa is located to the southwest of the saline Lake Poopo and northwest of the largest salt flat in the world, Salar de Uyuni. At Coipasa, a crust composed of halite—common table salt—provides the brilliant white coloration characteristic of the Altiplano salars (image left).

While the environment of Salar de Coipasa is arid, it does receive constant water from the Lauca River flowing from the north; this feeds Lake (Lago) Coipasa that fills the northern end of the basin with shallow water (image center). However, the water flow can drop off sharply during periods of drought. The waters of Lake Coipasa, and the white salt crust of the salar, also serve to highlight dark river sediments flowing into the basin along the northeastern shore. Dark volcanic rocks contrast sharply with the surrounding salt crust at image left. While the western Andes mountains contain many active volcanoes, the nearby Tata Sabaya volcano (not shown) has not been historically active.


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