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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS033 Roll: E Frame: 19822 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS033
Country or Geographic Name: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Features: KARYMSKY VOLCANO, ERUPTION PLUME, AKADEMIA NAUK VOLCANO, KARYMSKY LAKE
Center Point Latitude: 54.0 Center Point Longitude: 159.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 52
Camera Focal Length: 800mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 20121109 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 234006 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 51.8, Longitude: 163.7 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northwest
Sun Azimuth: 163 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 225 nautical miles (417 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 20 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
CaptionsEruption Plume from Karymsky Volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russian Federation
Note: This caption refers to the image versions labeled "NASA's Earth Observatory web site".
The Karymsky stratovolcano stands 1536 meters above sea level, with most eruptions and occasional lava flows originating from the summit. Karymsky is the most active of Kamchatka’s eastern volcanoes, with almost constant (on a geologic time scale) volcanism occurring since at least the late 18th century when the historical record for the region begins. In light of the high levels of volcanic activity on the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) monitors the activity levels of several volcanoes and issues updates including aviation alerts and webcams.
KVERT reported moderate seismic activity at Karymsky during 2-9 November 2012; such activity can indicate movement of magma beneath or within a volcanic structure and can indicate that an eruption is imminent. The Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) subsequently reported an explosive eruption at Karymsky on November 9, 2012 at 22:15 GMT. This astronaut photograph of the resulting ash plume was taken approximately 1 hour and 35 minutes after the eruption began. The plume extends from the summit of Karymsky (image top center) to the southeast, with brown ash deposits darkening the snow cover below the plume.
The Akademia Nauk caldera – now filled with water to form the present-day Karymsky Lake - is located to the south of Karymsky volcano. Calderas are formed by explosive eruption and emptying of a volcano’s magma chamber – leading to collapse of the structure to form a large crater-like depression. Akademia Nauk last erupted in 1996.
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