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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS030 Roll: E Frame: 55569 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS030
Country or Geographic Name: USA-GEORGIA
Features: ATLANTA AT NIGHT, JACKSONVILLE AT NIGHT, BIRMINGHAM AT NIGHT, GULF OF MEXICO
Center Point Latitude: 33.5 Center Point Longitude: -85.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 24mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 20120129 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 053728 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 26.1, Longitude: -85.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: North
Sun Azimuth: 332 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 204 nautical miles (378 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: -81 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
CaptionsSoutheastern USA at Night
The southern United States is known for its distinctive cultural and historical identify within the country—this distinctiveness includes music, cuisine, literature, and social customs. The US Census Bureau defines “The South” to include the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. This astronaut photograph from the International Space Station highlights the southeastern part of the South at night, including the eastern Gulf of Mexico and lower Atlantic Seaboard states.
Following the American Civil War (1861-1865), the southern USA continued to be mostly agrarian until the latter half of the 20th century, when increased migration from other areas of the country (and immigration from outside the USA) led to increased urbanization. The brightly lit metropolitan areas of Atlanta, GA (image center) and Jacksonville, FL (image lower right) appear largest in the image with numerous other urban areas forming an interconnected network of light across the region. A large dark region to the northwest of Jacksonville, FL is the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge; likewise the ridges of the Appalachian mountains form dark swaths to the north of Atlanta, GA and west of Charlotte, NC (image center). The faint gold and green line of airglow—caused by ultraviolet radiation exciting the gas molecules in the upper atmosphere—parallels the horizon (or Earth limb).
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .