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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS030-E-5199.JPG 44059640425 No No
View ISS030-E-5199.JPG 311076540351 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS030-E-5199.JPG 70672142882848 No No
View ISS030-E-5199.JPG 7338681000650 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site

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Electronic Image Data

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Mission: ISS030 Roll: E Frame: 5199 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS030
Country or Geographic Name: SUDAN
Center Point: Latitude: 4.9 Longitude: 31.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: 24
Camera Focal Length: 145mm
Camera: N2: Nikon D2Xs
Film: 4288E : 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)


GMT Date: 20111126 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 093838 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 5.7, Longitude: 30.3 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southeast
Sun Azimuth: 176 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 209 nautical miles (387 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 63 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number:


Juba, South Sudan – The World’s Newest Capital City

Almost one year ago, on July 9, 2011, the Republic of South Sudan became the newest nation in the world, 6 months after its declaration of independence from Sudan. Juba, a port city (image center) on the White Nile, is the capital of the new nation (although the capital will be moved in the future to a more central location) and is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Juba’s population is uncertain, but is estimated to be roughly 350,000-400,000 having doubled in size since 2005, when a peace agreement was signed ending the civil war in Sudan. Both hopeful immigrants and returning residents have created the population surge.

The city was a central point for humanitarian aid and both United Nations and non-governmental organization operations during the Sudanese conflicts that culminated in independence; today a significant cadre of foreign aid workers remain in the city. During that conflict period, city infrastructure, including main transportation arteries, suffered heavy damage. The city itself is still surrounded with army camps and squatter settlements (labeled as “informal built-up areas”, and appearing as muted gray areas extending outward from the center of the city at image center).

The city also hosts the Juba Game Reserve, a protected area of savannah and woodlands that is home to key bird species. Since independence, a variety of countries and international organizations are helping to rebuild Juba’s roads, railroads and airport. Unfortunately, South Sudan continues to experience local wars with a variety of armed groups including on-going conflicts with Sudan over oil-rich territories.

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