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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS030 Roll: E Frame: 30290 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS030
Country or Geographic Name: BALEARIC ISLANDS
Features: MALLORCA ISLAND, PALMA, CABRERA ISLAND, MEDITERRANEAN SEA
Center Point Latitude: 39.5 Center Point Longitude: 3.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 60mm
Camera: N2: Nikon D2Xs
Film: 4288E : 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 20111231 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 122630 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 36.0, Longitude: -3.1 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northeast
Sun Azimuth: 183 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 217 nautical miles (402 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 31 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
CaptionsMajorca, Balearic Islands, Spain
Note: This caption refers to the image versions labeled "NASA's Earth Observatory web site".
The Balearic Islands are an archipelago located to the southwest of Spain in the Mediterranean Sea. Catalan – the native tongue – and Spanish are the official languages. The islands are an autonomous community and province of Spain, located approximately midway between the southeastern coastline of Spain and the northern coastline of Algeria. This astronaut photograph, taken from the International Space Station, highlights the large island of Majorca (approximately 5400 km2; also known as Mallorca in Spanish) on which the capital city of Palma is located (image center). The small island of Cabrera to the southwest of Majorca (image lower right) hosts the Parc Nacional de l’Arxipèlag de Cabrera.
Like the other Balearic Islands, Majorca is a popular holiday destination for the European community with tourism forming a major part of the island’s economy. The island’s physiography offers many recreational opportunities – mountainous regions are present along the northwest coastline and eastern third, while much of the central part of the island is flat. Diving is also a popular activity. The central region includes agricultural lands (tan, light brown, and green, image center), forested patches and corridors (dark green, image center), and urban centers (gray). In addition to Majorca, the other major islands of the archipelago include Ibiza, Formentera, and Minorca.
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Recommended Citation: Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .