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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS029-E-37471.JPG 60276640425 No No
View ISS029-E-37471.JPG 248811540359 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS029-E-37471.JPG 5974711000664 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS029-E-37471.JPG 105459142882848 No No

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Mission: ISS029 Roll: E Frame: 37471 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS029
Country or Geographic Name: EGYPT
Center Point: Latitude: 31.0 Longitude: 34.3 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: 27
Camera Focal Length: 200mm
Camera: N2: Nikon D2Xs
Film: 4288E : 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)


GMT Date: 20111103 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 085618 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 31.6, Longitude: 32.7 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 168 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 201 nautical miles (372 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 43 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number:


Egypt–Israel Borderlands, Northern Sinai Peninsula and Northern Negev Desert

Note: This caption refers to the image versions labeled "NASA's Earth Observatory web site".

A clearly visible line marks about 50 kilometers of the international border between Egypt and Israel in this astronaut photograph. The area shown lies between 10 to 60 kilometers (from left to right) from the Mediterranean Sea, which is beyond this image to the northwest. This image from the International Space Station shows the characteristic sand dune morphology of the region and the poor soils which mark the southern limit of agriculture.

The different colors of the land surface are the result of trampling by humans and their livestock. Trampling disturbs the dark-colored soil crusts on the Egyptian side of the border, allowing lighter-colored dune sand beneath the crusts to be exposed by winds. A road also follows the border, making the demarcation more prominent. A patch of the Gaza Strip appears under scattered clouds at extreme image left.

In the arid to semiarid climate of the region, the natural vegetation is mostly sparse shrubs. Irrigated commercial agriculture in Israel appears as a series of large angular patterns and circular center pivot fields, with darker greens indicating growing crops (image left). Smaller plots appear on the Egyptian side of the border at image lower left.

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