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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS029 Roll: E Frame: 20003 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS029
Country or Geographic Name: BOLIVIA
Features: PARINACOTA VOLCANO, POMERAPE VOLCANO, LAKE CHUNGARA, LAKE COTACOTANI
Center Point Latitude: -18.1 Center Point Longitude: -69.2 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: N2: Nikon D2Xs
Film: 4288E : 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 20111007 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 132734 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -13.4, Longitude: -71.9 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southeast
Sun Azimuth: 85 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 211 nautical miles (391 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 43 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1845
CaptionsParinacota Volcano, Chile-Bolivia Border Region, South America
Note: This caption refers to the image versions labeled "NASA's Earth Observatory web site".
Volcan Parinacota (“flamingo lake” in the regional Aymara language) is a potentially active stratovolcano located on the Altiplano, a high plateau situated within the Andes mountains of west-central South America. While no direct observations of eruptive activity are recorded, surface exposure age-dating of lava flows suggests that activity occurred as recently as 290 AD ± 300 years. Local Aymara stories also suggest that the volcano has erupted during the past 1000 years.
This detailed astronaut photograph from the International Space Station highlights the symmetrical cone of Parinacota, with its well-developed summit crater (elevation 6348 meters above sea level) at image center. Dark brown to dark gray surfaces to the east and west of the summit include lava flows, pyroclastic deposits, and ash. A companion volcano, Pomerape, is located across a low saddle to the north – this volcano last erupted during the Pleistocene Epoch (extending from approximately 3 million to 12,000 years ago). The summits of both volcanoes are covered by white permanent snowpack and small glaciers. Together, the two volcanoes form the Nevados de Payachata volcanic area.
Eruptive activity at Parinacota has directly influenced development of the local landscape beyond the emplacement of volcanic deposits – approximately 8,000 years ago the western flank of the volcano collapsed, creating a debris avalanche that traveled 22 km to the west. This debris avalanche blocked drainages, leading to the formation of Lake Chungará to the south (just visible at the lower left of this view). The uneven, hummocky surface of the debris avalanche deposit provides ample catchments for water, as evidenced by the numerous small ponds and Cotacotani Lake to the west.
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Recommended Citation: Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .