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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS028 Roll: E Frame: 45516 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS028
Country or Geographic Name: USA-MASSACHUSETTS
Features: HURRICANE KATIA, LONG ISLAND, HUDSON RIVER, SEDIMENT, ATLANTIC OCEAN, PAN
Center Point Latitude: 41.0 Center Point Longitude: -70.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 28mm
Camera: N2: Nikon D2Xs
Film: 4288E : 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 75 (51-75)
NadirGMT Date: 20110909 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 145641 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 38.8, Longitude: -77.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 130 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 207 nautical miles (383 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 45 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1409
CaptionsHurricane Katia off the Northeastern USA Coastline
Hurricane Katia had diminished to Category 1 strength on the Saffir-Simpson scale at the time this astronaut photograph was taken, but it still presented an impressive cloud circulation as its center passed by the northeastern USA coastline on September 9, 2011. The storm had reached Category 4 strength earlier on September 5, making it the second major hurricane of the 2011 Atlantic hurricane season. Katia remained over open waters of the Atlantic Ocean during its lifetime, unlike two preceding storms of the season – Hurricane Irene and Tropical Storm Lee – that both made landfall on the continental USA.
The approximate center of Hurricane Katia is visible at image lower right, with its outer cloud bands extending across the center of the view. A small part of the State of New York – including Long Island and the Hudson River – is visible through a gap in the cloud cover at image lower left. The Hudson River has a chocolate brown coloration due to heavy loading with sediment, a consequence of flooding and erosion of the upstream watershed from the heavy precipitation of Hurricane Irene and Tropical Storm Lee. A plume of sediment is just visible entering the Atlantic Ocean on the southern coastline of Long Island, directly to the south of the New York City metropolitan area (partially obscured by clouds).
Crew members on the International Space Station have the opportunity to take images like this one by looking outwards at an angle through Station windows, much like taking photographs of the ground from a commercial airliner window – albeit from an average altitude of ~ 400 km.
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This option downloads the following items, packaged into a single file, if they are available:
This service is provided by the International Space Station program and the JSC Astromaterials Research & Exploration Science Directorate.
Recommended Citation: Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .