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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth

(NASA Crew Earth Observations)

Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record


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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS028-E-45516.JPG 73699640425 No No
View ISS028-E-45516.JPG 161989540359 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS028-E-45516.JPG 4238351000664 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS028-E-45516.JPG 118239142882848 No No

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Mission: ISS028 Roll: E Frame: 45516 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS028
Country or Geographic Name: USA-MASSACHUSETTS
Center Point: Latitude: 41.0 Longitude: -70.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 28mm
Camera: N2: Nikon D2Xs
Film: 4288E : 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 75 (51-75)


GMT Date: 20110909 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 145641 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 38.8, Longitude: -77.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 130 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 207 nautical miles (383 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 45 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1409


Hurricane Katia off the Northeastern USA Coastline

Hurricane Katia had diminished to Category 1 strength on the Saffir-Simpson scale at the time this astronaut photograph was taken, but it still presented an impressive cloud circulation as its center passed by the northeastern USA coastline on September 9, 2011. The storm had reached Category 4 strength earlier on September 5, making it the second major hurricane of the 2011 Atlantic hurricane season. Katia remained over open waters of the Atlantic Ocean during its lifetime, unlike two preceding storms of the season Hurricane Irene and Tropical Storm Lee that both made landfall on the continental USA.

The approximate center of Hurricane Katia is visible at image lower right, with its outer cloud bands extending across the center of the view. A small part of the State of New York including Long Island and the Hudson River is visible through a gap in the cloud cover at image lower left. The Hudson River has a chocolate brown coloration due to heavy loading with sediment, a consequence of flooding and erosion of the upstream watershed from the heavy precipitation of Hurricane Irene and Tropical Storm Lee. A plume of sediment is just visible entering the Atlantic Ocean on the southern coastline of Long Island, directly to the south of the New York City metropolitan area (partially obscured by clouds).

Crew members on the International Space Station have the opportunity to take images like this one by looking outwards at an angle through Station windows, much like taking photographs of the ground from a commercial airliner window albeit from an average altitude of ~ 400 km.

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