skip menus
Home >> Advanced Search >>

The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth

(NASA Crew Earth Observations)

Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record


Low-resolution Browse Image

(Most browse images are not color adjusted.)


Conditions for Use of Images >>
Image Transformation Tutorial >>   Saving, Color Adjusting, and Printing Images >>

Images to View on Your Computer Now

File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS028-E-15023.JPG 59082640425 No No
View ISS028-E-15023.JPG 251146540396 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS028-E-15023.JPG 8456391000734 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS028-E-15023.JPG 100693642882848 No No

Request the original image file.

Download a Keyhole Markup Language (KML) file for use in Google Earth.

Electronic Image Data

Camera Files >> No sound file available.


Mission: ISS028 Roll: E Frame: 15023 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS028
Country or Geographic Name: TURKEY
Center Point: Latitude: 40.0 Longitude: 44.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: 30
Camera Focal Length: 65mm
Camera: N2: Nikon D2Xs
Film: 4288E : 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)


GMT Date: 20110708 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 081611 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 38.6, Longitude: 43.1 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northeast
Sun Azimuth: 139 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 208 nautical miles (385 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 70 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 421


Aras River, Turkey-Armenia -Iran Border Region

This astronaut photograph, taken from the International Space Station, highlights a segment of the international border between Turkey to the south-southwest and Armenia to the north-northeast. The Aras River is the physical expression of the closed border between the two countries. Extensive green agricultural fields are common on both sides of the river (image top), as well as a number of gray to tan urban areas including Artashat and Armavir in Armenia and Igdir in Turkey. While there have been efforts to normalize diplomatic relations between the two countries in recent years, the Armenia-Turkey border remains officially closed.

The dominant geographic feature in the region is Mt. Ararat, also known as Agri Dagi. The peak of Ararat, a large stratovolcano that last erupted in 1840 according to historical records, is located approximately 40 kilometers to the south of the Armenia-Turkey border. A lower peak to the east, known as Lesser or Little Ararat, is also volcanic in origin. Dark gray lava flows to the south of Mt. Ararat are located near the Turkish border with Iran. While this border is also closed along much of its length, official crossing points allow relatively easy travel between the two countries.

The white, glacier-clad peak of Mt. Ararat is evident at image center; dark green areas on the lower slopes indicate where vegetation cover is abundant. A large lake, Balik Golu or Fish Lake, is visible to the west (image lower left).

Download Packaged File.
This option downloads the following items, packaged into a single file, if they are available:
  • Browse image
  • Large JPEG
  • Cataloged information with captions
  • Camera file
  • Sound file

Search the Astronaut Photography Database