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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS028-E-14782

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS028-E-14782.JPG 62592640425 No No
View ISS028-E-14782.JPG 359622540436 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS028-E-14782.JPG 96182042882848 No No
View ISS028-E-14782.JPG 11666431000807 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site

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Electronic Image Data

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Identification

Mission: ISS028 Roll: E Frame: 14782 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS028
Country or Geographic Name: AUSTRALIA-WA
Features: SHOEMAKER IMPACT CRATER, LAKE NABBERU, CLOUD SHADOWS
Center Point: Latitude: -25.8 Longitude: 121.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 24
Camera Focal Length: 200mm
Camera: N2: Nikon D2Xs
Film: 4288E : 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20110706 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 233635 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -26.2, Longitude: 119.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 60 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 208 nautical miles (385 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 9 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 399

Captions

Shoemaker Impact Structure, Western Australia

The Shoemaker (formerly Teague) Impact Structure—located in Western Australia to the southeast of the Carnarvon Range—presents an other-worldly appearance in this astronaut photograph. The Shoemaker impact site is approximately 30 km in diameter, and is clearly defined by concentric ring structures formed in sedimentary rocks (brown to dark brown, image center) that were deformed by the impact event approximately 1630 million years ago (as reported by the Earth Impact Database). Other published age-dating analyses of granitic rocks at the core of the structure call into question this age of the impact event (Pirajno et al. 2003).

Several saline and ephemeral lakes—Nabberu, Teague, Shoemaker, and numerous smaller ponds—occupy the land surface between the concentric ring structures. Differences in color result from both water depth and suspended sediments, with some bright salt crusts visible around the edges of smaller ponds (image center). The Teague Impact Structure was renamed Shoemaker in honor of Dr. Eugene M. Shoemaker (1928-1997), a pioneer in the field of impact crater studies and planetary geology, and founder of the Astrogeology Branch of the United States Geological Survey.

Reference:
Pirajno F, P Hawke, AY Glikson, PW Haines, and T Uysal (2003). Shoemaker impact structure, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 50:775-796.


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