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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS027 Roll: E Frame: 33889 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS027
Country or Geographic Name: TURKEY
Features: IZMIR METROPOLITAN AREA, GULF OF IZMIR, URBAN LAND COVER
Center Point Latitude: 38.4 Center Point Longitude: 27.2 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 55
Camera Focal Length: 800mm
Camera: N2: Nikon D2Xs
Film: 4288E : 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 20110516 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 065031 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 40.7, Longitude: 30.9 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southwest
Sun Azimuth: 105 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 184 nautical miles (341 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 46 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 3588
Captionsİzmir Metropolitan Area, İzmir Province, Turkey
The metropolis of İzmir is located in the western Anatolia region of Turkey. It is the country’s third largest city in terms of population and the second largest port city (after Istanbul). The İzmir region has included urban areas for almost 3500 years, and the ancient core of the metropolitan area was originally known as Smyrna. Due to its location on the Gulf of İzmir (image lower left) with access to the Aegean Sea, İzmir (or Smyrna) has been an important Mediterranean Sea port for most of its history. This detailed astronaut photograph highlights the modern urban landscape of the İzmir metropolitan area.
Today, the metropolitan area includes eleven districts, many of which were independent neighborhoods prior to agglomeration into “greater İzmir”. Densely built-up residential and commercial districts, characterized by gray to reddish gray rooftops occupy much of the central part of the image. Larger structures with bright white rooftops are indicative of commercial/industrial areas near the İzmir Port at image left.
Two large sport complexes, the Atatürk Stadium and Şirinyer Hippodrome (horse racing track) are clearly visible at image upper left and image right respectively. Numerous vegetated parks (green) are located throughout the area. In addition to being a major trade center, greater İzmir is a hub for regional tourism.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .