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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS026 Roll: E Frame: 28829 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS026
Country or Geographic Name: ITALY
Features: MILANO-BERGAMO REGION AT NIGHT
Center Point Latitude: 45.6 Center Point Longitude: 9.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 37
Camera Focal Length: 200mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 25 (11-25)
NadirGMT Date: 20110222 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 231834 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 45.3, Longitude: 11.7 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 357 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 187 nautical miles (346 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: -55 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 2292
CaptionsMilan, Italy Metropolitan Area at Night
The metropolitan area of Milan (or Milano) illuminates the Italian region of Lombardy, in a pattern evocative of a patchwork quilt, in this astronaut photograph. The city of Milan proper forms a dense cluster of lights at image center left; brilliant white lights indicate the historic center of the city where the Duomo di Milano (Milan Cathedral) is located. Large dark regions to the south of Milan contain mostly agricultural fields. To the north, numerous smaller cities are interspersed with agricultural fields giving way to forested areas as one approaches the Italian Alps (not shown). Low patchy clouds diffuse the city lights, producing isolated regions in the image that appear blurred.
The Milan urban area is located within the Po Valley, a large plain bordered by the Adriatic Sea to the south and the Italian Alps to the north. Milan has the largest metropolitan area in Italy, and the fifth largest in the European Union. It is one of Europe’s major transportation, industrial, and commerce hubs, and is also a global center of fashion and culture – according it the status of an “alpha” world city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.
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Recommended Citation: Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .