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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS026-E-16368

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS026-E-16368.JPG 79162640438 No No
View ISS026-E-16368.JPG 258669540409 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS026-E-16368.JPG 7095261000757 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS026-E-16368.JPG 183431042562913 No No

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Electronic Image Data

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Identification

Mission: ISS026 Roll: E Frame: 16368 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS026
Country or Geographic Name: BRAZIL
Features: BRASILIA AREA AT NIGHT
Center Point: Latitude: -15.8 Longitude: -47.9 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 36
Camera Focal Length: 180mm
Camera: N5: Nikon D3S
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20110108 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 022108 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -17.6, Longitude: -46.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northwest
Sun Azimuth: 198 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 191 nautical miles (354 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: -48 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1570

Captions

Brasília, Brazil at Night

Whether seen at night or during the day, the capital city of Brazil is unmistakable from orbit. Brasília is located on a plateau—the Planalto Central—in the west-central part of the country, and is widely considered to be one of the best examples of 20th century urban planning in the world. One of its most distinctive design features—as seen from above—suggests a bird, butterfly, or airplane traveling along a northwest-southeast direction, and is made dramatically visible by city light patterns (image center right, between Lake Paranoá and the airport).

Following the establishment of Brasília in the early 1960s, informal settlements began to form around the original planned city. Ceilândia was one such settlement. In 1970, Ceilândia was formalized by the government and is now a satellite city of Brasília with its own distinct urban identity.

The developed areas of Brasília and its satellites are clearly outlined by street grids and highway lights in this astronaut photograph taken from the International Space Station. The large unlit region to the upper right is the Brasília National Park. Other dark regions to the bottom and left include agricultural fields and expanses of the Cerrado tropical savanna.

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