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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS023 Roll: E Frame: 41934 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS023
Country or Geographic Name: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Features: FUSS PEAK, PARAMUSHIR ISLAND, CHIKURACHKI VOLCANO
Center Point Latitude: 50.2 Center Point Longitude: 155.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 42
Camera Focal Length: 280mm
Camera: N3: Nikon D3
Film: 4256E : 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX format.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 50 (26-50)
NadirGMT Date: 20100512 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 073204 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 51.7, Longitude: 157.8 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southwest
Sun Azimuth: 283 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 187 nautical miles (346 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 13 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1782
CaptionsSouthern Paramushir Island, Kuril Chain, Russia
The Kuril Island chain is built from a line of volcanoes, an island arc, that extends from Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula to northern Japan. Island arcs form along an active boundary between two tectonic plates, with one being driven beneath the other (subduction). Magma generated by subduction feeds volcanoes—and eventually volcanic islands—over the subduction boundary.
Paramushir Island in the northern Kurils is an example of a large island built by several volcanoes over geologic time. This astronaut photograph shows the southern end of Paramushir Island after a snowfall. The western slopes of the mountains are brightly illuminated, while the eastern slopes are in shadow.
Four major volcanic centers create this part of the island. Fuss Peak (image center left) is an isolated stratovolcano connected to the main island via an isthmus. Fuss Peak last erupted in 1854.
The southern tip of the island is occupied by the Karpinsky Group of three volcanic centers. A minor eruption of ash following an earthquake occurred on this part of the island in 1952.
The Lomonosov Group to the northeast (image center) includes four cinder cones and a lava dome that produced several lava flows in the past, but there have been no eruptions from the Lomonosov Group in recorded history.
The most recent volcanic activity on Paramushir Island occurred in 2008 at the Chikurachki cone located along the northern coastline of the island at image top center. The summit of this volcano [1,816 meters (5,958 feet) above sea level] is the highest on Paramushir Island.
Much of the Sea of Okhotsk visible in the image is covered with low clouds that often form around the islands in the Kuril chain. The clouds are generated by moisture-laden air passing over the cool sea/ocean water, and they typically wrap around the volcanic islands.
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