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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS022 Roll: E Frame: 24940 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS022
Country or Geographic Name: UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Features: PALM JUMEIRA, THE WORLD I., DUBAI, COAST
Center Point Latitude: 25.2 Center Point Longitude: 55.1 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 27
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: N2: Nikon D2Xs
Film: 4288E : 4288 x 2848 pixel CMOS sensor, RGBG imager color filter.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 20100113 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 103612 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 23.9, Longitude: 54.2 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northeast
Sun Azimuth: 216 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 183 nautical miles (339 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 36 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 3909
CaptionsArtificial Archipelagos, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
The municipality of Dubai is the largest city of the Persian Gulf emirate of the same name, and has built a global reputation for large-scale developments and architectural works. Among the most visible of these developments—particularly from the perspective of astronauts on board the International Space Station—are three human-made archipelagos. The two Palm Islands (Palm Jumeirah and Palm Jebel Ali) appear as stylized palm trees when viewed from above. The World Islands evoke a rough map of the world from an air- or space-borne perspective. Palm Jumeirah and the World Islands are highlighted in this astronaut photograph.
Palm Jumeirah (image lower left) was begun in 2001 and required more than 50 million cubic meters of dredged sand to raise the islands above the Persian Gulf sea level. Construction of the Palm Jumeirah islands was completed in 2006; the islands are now being developed for residential and commercial housing and infrastructure. Creation of the 300 World Islands (image upper right) was begun in 2003 and completed in 2008, using 320 million cubic meters of sand and 37 million tonnes of rock for the surrounding 27-kilometer-long protective breakwater. Little to no infrastructure development of The World is apparent in this astronaut photograph.
Also visible at the lower edge of the astronaut photograph is another notable structure—the Burj Khalifa (image lower right and rotated 90 degrees in inset). Burj Khalifa stands 800 meters (2,600 feet) high, and it is currently the world’s tallest structure. The astronaut photograph captures enough detail to make out the tapering outline of the building as well as its dark, needle-like shadow pointing towards the northeast.
An earlier astronaut photograph shows an early phase of construction of Palm Jumeirah. The Earth Observatory’s World of Change feature also tracks urbanization in Dubai.
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Recommended Citation: Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .