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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS016 Roll: E Frame: 11999 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS016
Country or Geographic Name: BRAZIL
Features: SAO SIMAO RES., PARANAIBA R.
Center Point: Latitude: -18.7 Longitude: -50.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 41
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 20071122 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 125207 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -17.2, Longitude: -52.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southeast
Sun Azimuth: 101 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 185 nautical miles (343 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 56 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 3575
CaptionsSao Simao Reservoir, Brazil: 300,000th ISS image of the Earth:
The São Simão Reservoir, near the confluence of the Rio Paranaiba and Rio Verde in Brazil, is the featured subject in a milestone image of Earth. This colorful, patchwork image is the 300,000th image of Earth downlinked from the International Space Station (ISS). The astronaut photography collection now includes more than 745,000 images of Earth taken by astronaut crews, beginning with the Mercury missions in 1961 and continuing to the present day on the ISS.
The São Simão Reservoir sits at the border between the states of Goiás and Minas Gerais (near the geographic coordinates of 18.7 south, 50.4 west). Though the town of São Simão was founded around 1935, major growth occurred when the hydroelectric power plant and dam were built in 1975, forming the reservoir. The reservoir is part of a major navigation route that allows transport of goods between central Brazil, the Prata River, and the South Atlantic. With 600,000 square kilometers of surface area, the reservoir is also a tourist destination for fishing, swimming, and boating.
In addition to hydroelectric power production, the economy of the region is based in agribusiness. The image highlights agricultural fields of various kinds and in different stages of cultivation. The major commodities include corn, soybeans, sesame seeds, sugarcane, beans, manioc, coffee, and meat.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .