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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS014-E-7084

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS014-E-7084.JPG 95935639435 No No
View ISS014-E-7084.JPG 383733540392 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS014-E-7084.JPG 11603661000725 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS014-E-7084.JPG 153426130322064 No No

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Electronic Image Data

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Identification

Mission: ISS014 Roll: E Frame: 7084 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS014
Country or Geographic Name: SWITZERLAND
Features: GENEVA, AIRPORT, RHONE R., L.
Center Point: Latitude: 46.3 Longitude: 6.2 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 30
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20061102 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 134748 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 48.0, Longitude: 6.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: South
Sun Azimuth: 219 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 179 nautical miles (332 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 19 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1499

Captions

Geneva, Switzerland:
The city of Geneva embraces the southern end of Lake Geneva (also known as Lac Léman). Geneva is tucked between two major mountain ranges, the Jura to the northwest (not shown) and the Alps to the southeast. Mount Saleve, near the bottom of the image, represents the northern foothills of the range.

The city’s built-up area, roadways, and airport appear as white to gray surfaces in this astronaut photograph. Urbanized regions are interspersed with agricultural fields (bright green to light brown rectangular regions) and preserved forest stands (dark green) around the lake. In places, the forest stands cast shadows, giving the scene a three-dimensional feel.

The near-shore waters of Lake Geneva are brown with sediment in this scene. The main contributor to Lake Geneva is the Rhone River, which flows in at the northern end and exits in the south. Near the southwestern outskirts of the city, the Rhone is joined by the Arve River, which runs into the city from the southeast. Both rivers have their sources in alpine glaciers.

Geneva is primarily known for being a “world city” of cultural, economic, and political significance because it hosts numerous international organizations and corporations, including the European headquarters of the United Nations.

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